Another symptom of the North-South science gap is the inequitable distribution of profits generated by new technologies and products based on plant genetic resources obtained from developing countries.
Fossil fuels - oil, coal, natural gas - will continue to power world industry for several decades. Society has much to gain by the proactive involvement of scientists in policy making.
While recent benefits to humanity are unparalleled in the history of the human species, in some instances the impact has been harmful or the long-term effects give causes for serious concerns.
In the coming century, the rate of change of natural and human conditions and issues can be expected to continue to accelerate. It was suggested, for example, that Mexico could contribute to research on climate change by carrying out, at very low cost, epidemiological studies of a possible link between urban air quality and recently observed seasonal increases in cardiovascular disease and pregnancy-related hypertension.
Unfortunately, resources for such dialogue are lacking not only among scientific institutions but among Science and technology promote transformation and groups in society who have a particular stake in scientific developments and therefore something to gain through contact with scientists.
Our department has also utilised these initiatives to expand, modernise and increase the affordability of ICT infrastructure through providing high speed broadband connectivity to all universities, science councils, national research facilities and public research performing institutions.
This year, at an investment of Rmillion, the NRF will place at least graduate and postgraduate students in work preparation programmes under the National Youth Service initiative.
Scientists should reflect on the social consequences of the technological applications or dissemination of partial information of their work and explain to the public and policy makers alike the degree of scientific uncertainty or incompleteness in their findings.
The potential of science to improve human social conditions in non-material ways needs much more attention. This code would apply a similar principle of measurability to scientific behaviour that scientists so cherish in their day-to-day pursuit of knowledge.
While there are number of North-South cooperative programs to support science in developing countries and improve technology transfer, much more should be done. However, they have a responsibility to engage in public dialogue about the implications of scientific findings and to help distinguish between socially beneficial and socially harmful applications.
The fact that they will do so despite the availability of technically feasible alternative "green" energy technologies, brings the dilemma into sharp relief. The plan called efforts to accelerate the implementation of major national scientific and technological projects and launch the scientific and technological innovation project.
In its 11th year, the SKA bursary initiative has funded students, of whom are from other African countries. In part, this stems from the belief by some individuals and communities that they will be the ones to suffer the indirect negative consequences of technical innovations introduced to benefit only a privileged minority.
The plan also said China should take the lead in organizing international big science plans and programs and strive to lead the world science direction in more advanced basic fields and make breakthroughs in more strategic fields.
As this is clearly impossible, the implications of inevitable major changes soon to come should be openly discussed at all levels of society. The North-South knowledge gap is viewed by some as the most pressing social and economic aspects of modern science. The DST will make an investment of Rmillion in the existing seven sector innovation funds — with Rmillion for agriculture and Rmillion for manufacturing.
UNESCO national commissions should also consider setting up scientific information services aimed at improving the quality and quantity of science stories in the media and ensuring that differing viewpoints are presented.
These agreements would recognize the value of scientific advice, but also make clear that such advice is but one ingredient in decision-making and not necessarily the overriding one. We are drawing on it to draft a new white paper to guide the national innovation system over the next twenty years.
On the other hand, science is increasingly being called on to produce knowledge and technology that promote environmentally sustainable, people-oriented development and long-term management of resources.
Scientists in their daily work are sometimes isolated from mainstream society, making it difficult for them to be clearly aware of public needs. Our country must decisively respond to the needs and concerns of the marginalised and excluded.
Rather, what is needed is a vision of the world that looks "seven generations" ahead, in the manner of the holistic philosophies of North American aboriginal people.
A further ethical issue for science is what has been referred to as the "commodification" of basic human needs such as food, shelter, clothing, fuel and health services.
In the past two centuries, science has been used mainly as a tool for economic expansion and military power for the wealthier segments of the human race. The importance of this is clear in our efforts in health innovation.
It supports the detection of illegal fishing vessels and provides information on vessels in marine protected areas. Government remains the largest investor in research and development, despite tight fiscal pressures and competing priorities.role played by science and technology in economic performance and societal change, have led governments to sharpen their policy tools.
Science, Technology and Innovation in the New Economy services, although official productiv- to promote competition and innova-tion. The reduction of barriers to trade and foreign investment. News Science And Technology Innovation Is To Promote Transformation And Upgrading Of China's Textile Industry Constantly.
In recent years, the promotion by the science and technology innovation in China's textile industry to high-end, intelligent, green, service transformation and upgrading. Science, technology and innovation transforming The minister of science and technology introduced the department's budget this week Rmillion is set aside to promote transformation.
Fourth, science and technology must be accessible to all levels of learning, including to the public through the media to show how research can drive high technology innovation and wealth creation. Mobile technology offers extensive help on various forms of social and economic development.
Technological innovation and Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) represent a way for developing world nations to foster economic development, improve levels of education and training, as well as address gender issues within society.
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